I have started a new open source Java project called ArtifactIR. Many times while conducting incident response, I found myself using a combination of paper notes, notepad++, Forensic Casenotes, MS Word, and others to record my observations. I would then spend time collecting them all into my report. Typically, I would want these observations to be sorted by the time that they applied, but for after action review, I would also like to be able to display them in the order the observations were made. This includes aggregating across team members so we can see the flow of the investigation when we are reviewing our performance. Continue reading
Sometimes when analyzing malware, we discover that it behaves differently when run in a virtual machine (VM). It may exhibit different behaviors or it may just not run at all. Being able to quickly test these samples on real hardware in an efficient manner is a vital function to have available in a Malware Lab. This can be accomplished by building up a Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) Boot Server and creating various pre-configured machines state images to deploy as needed. Continue reading
This is a follow-up to the Tool Talk #1 post.
When building a virtual network in VMware’s Workstation, I don’t want the host to have a virtual network connection to the guest that I use to test. This is a security issue as a sample could contain worm-like functionality that could potentially exploit this connection to break out of the test environment and compromise the host. Continue reading
To start contributing I thought I would cover some of the tools that I use, and how I use them.
The most valuable tool for any malware analyst is the software that hosts their virtual machines in both their test and analysis environments. While windows licenses cost money, the virtual machine software can be free. Oracle’s VirtualBox, the QEMU Project, and VMware’s Player are free applications that can host virtual machines. While I prefer VirtualBox due to the GUI combined with snapshot capabilities, the others provide some additional benefits. Most of the malware that I have analyzed that was VM aware looked for VMware signatures. A couple of the samples did things with the floating point processor to detect abnormal results and detected VirtualBox, but I have not observed any that directly look for QEMU signatures. Additionally, if you have a server in your arsenal, you can install the free VMware ESXi hypervisor to build intricate networks and manage the multiple virtual machines through one interface. One of the negatives of the ESXi application is getting memory snapshots from the hypervisor to the machine you use to do memory analysis. Continue reading